- Population shifts which occur within nation-states as labour migrates towards growth poles in the economy. Since the 1950s these shifts of population have often been of significant proportions-especially in developing countries. They have accompanied the processes of urbanization and industrialization and have involved large-scale movements of people from rural to urban areas. Debate has centred on whether ‘push’ or ‘pull’ factors are more important in explaining internal migration, and on the processes of proletarianization and depeasantization, which are seen to be a consequence. See also migration, sociological studies of.
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
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